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The Vocabulary of Trigedasleng language.

Proper Names Edit

For more information on Names , check Trigedasleng Linguistics

Sky People names:

  • Abby - Abi
  • Clarke - Klark[1].
  • Finn - Fin
  • Bellamy - Belomi
  • Octavia - Okteivia
  • Raven - Reivon[2]
  • Blake - Bleik[3]
  • Jasper - Jaspa
  • Monty - Monti
  • Murphy - Mofi

Grounder names:

  • Lexa - Leksa
  • Gustus - Gostos[4]
  • Anya - Onya
  • Lincoln - Linkon
  • Nyko - Naikou
  • Tomac - Tomak
  • Artigas - Adigas[4]

Grounder clans:

  • Coalition - Kongeda
  • Woods Clan - Trikru / Trigedakru
  • Boat People - Floukru / Floudonkru
  • Ice Nation - Azgeda
  • Desert Clan - Sankru / Sangedakru
  • Lake People - Podakru
  • Delphi Clan - Delfikru
  • Glowing Forest - Trishana / Trishanakru
  • Plains Riders - Ingranrona
  • Blue Cliff Clan - Ouskejon Kru
  • Shallow Valley - Louwoda Kliron
  • Rock Line - Boudalan
  • Broadleaf - Yujleda

Other clans:

  • Sky People - Skaikru
  • Mountain Men - Maunon

Pronouns Edit

  • ai = "I/me" from English "I"
  • yu = "you" from English "you"
  • em = "he/she/it" from English "him" or "them"
  • osir = "we/us" (excludes the listener) from English "us-here"
  • oso = "we/us" (includes the listener) from English "us-all"
  • yumi = "you-and-me/you-and-I" from English "you-me"[5]
  • yo = "you (plural)/you all/y'all" from English "you-all"
  • emo = "they/them/the" from English "them-all" (note that this sounds like "em-oh", not the pseudo-Goth clothing style Emo, which would be spelled imo)[6]

NounsEdit

  • Again: nodotaim
    • from "another time"
  • Army/unit of warriors: gonakru
    • combination gona + kru
  • Blood: jus
    • from "juice"
  • Body: medo
  • Child: goufa or yongon
    • The etymology of goufa is unknown, but may be derived from "go-forth" or "goof-off". Yongon derives from "young one".
    • Typically, goufa refers to any child. Yongon is used to refer to one's own child, or the child of a particular person. While the two are technically interchangeable, it is more common for someone to use yongon to refer to their own offspring.[citation needed]
  • City of Light: Soncha Kapa; Sonchageda/Sonchgeda
    • from soncha "light" + kapa "city"
    • Soncha comes from "sunshine"; kapa comes from "capital".
  • Coalition/alliance: kongeda
  • Commander: heda
    • from "head" + "-er"; heda is gender-neutral
  • Commander of Death: Wanheda
    • from "wind" + "up"; die: wan...op
    • from "head" + "-er"; heda is gender-neutral
  • English (language): Gonasleng
    • from gona + sleng
  • Fall (season): fotam
    • from "falltime"
  • Father: nontu
    • from "number two"
    • After the nuclear fallout, surviving Grounders didn't want to tip off scouts from enemy tribes (or Mountain Men) about the identities of their leaders, which in clans tended to be mothers and fathers, so they called their leaders "number one" and "number two", which eventually came to mean "mother" and "father" respectively. Over time, these codenames were slurred to nomon and nontu.
  • Fight: gonplei
    • from "gunplay"
  • Flame Keeper: Fleimkepa
    • from "flame" and "keeper"
  • Forest: trimani
    • from "tree" + "many"
  • Friend: lukot
    • ​The etymology of this word is unknown. It may be derived from "look out", as you would look out for or protect a friend. "I will (look out) for you" = lukot
  • Girl: gada[7]
    • The etymology of this word is unknown. It may be derived from "daughter".
  • Gorilla: pauna
  • Healer: fisa
    • from fis op "to heal" + -a "-er"
    • fis op "to heal" comes from "fix (up)"
  • Ice: az
  • Joined/entwined: teina
    • The etymology of this word is unknown.
    • It's possible that it could be derived from "tie" + "knot", referring to the phrase "tying the knot" when someone is married, or joined to another.
  • Knife: swis
    • The etymology of this word is unknown. It may be derived from "Swiss army knife"
  • Language: sleng
    • from "slang"
  • Life: sonraun
    • from "sun" + "around", referring to the movement of the earth around the sun
    • This metaphor is present in Modern English, when we talk about "going around the sun" to mean getting older or living one's life.
  • Lunch: sanch
    • The etymology of this word is unknown. It may come from "sandwich".
  • Mother: nomon
    • from "number one"
  • Mount Weather: Maun-de
    • from maun "mountain" + -de (an emphatic particle)
  • Mountain Men: Maunon
    • from maun "mountain" + -on
  • Murderer: ripa
    • from "rip"/"reap" + -a "-er"; used as a proper noun to refer to Reapers.
  • Never: nowe
    • from "no way"
  • Nightblood: Natblida
    • combination of nat "night" (see also: sheidgeda)"[8] + blida "one who bleeds"[8]
  • Number: noma
    • from "number"
  • Outsider/outcast: splita[9]
    • from "split" + -a "-er"
  • Over/done/finished: odon
    • from "all done"
  • Passage: gouthru
    • from "go-through"
  • People: kru
    • from "crew"
  • Prisoner: honon
    • from "hunt" + -on "one"
  • Queen: Haiplana
    • The origins of this word are unknown. It may be derived from planner.
  • Raccoon: snacha
    • May be derived from "snatch" meaning "to take"
  • Raiding party: veida tro
    • from "invading" + "troops"
  • Rider: hosa
    • Probably from "horse" + "-er", like the one who uses horses. The "-er" suffix became "-a", like usual in Trigedasleng.
  • Second (a warrior's apprentice) & second (ordinal): seken
    • Slurred from English
  • Shadow: trikova
    • from tri "tree" + kova "cover"
  • Sky: skai
    • from "sky"
    • This is one example of a word that has been preserved from Modern English; it has undergone no phonological change and is only spelled according to the romanization system devised by David J. Peterson.
  • Sky People: Skaikru
    • from skai + kru
    • This is the name the Grounders give the people from the Ark.
  • Soul: keryon
    • from "carry on"
  • Spring: sprintam
    • Derived from "springtime"
  • Storm: skaikrasha
    • from "sky" and "crash"
  • Strong: yuj
    • from "huge"
  • Summer: sontam
    • Derived from "summertime"
  • Tree People: Trigedakru
    • from tri "tree" + geda "gathering" + kru "people"
    • The Woods Clan is known as Trigeda; the Tree People (people of the Woods Clan) may also be called Trikru.
  • Tree People's Language: Trigedasleng
    • from tri "tree" + geda "gathering" + sleng "languange"
    • It's unknown how the grounder people named its language. This name is used by the production of the series.
  • Tunnel: sobwe
    • from "subway"
    • Many or most of the tunnels that the Reapers hide in are abandoned subway tunnels.
  • Warrior: gona
    • from "gun" + "-er"
  • Weakness: kwelnes
    • from kwelen "weak" + -nes "-ness"
    • Kwelen is derived in part from "quailing", in the sense of shaking with fear.
  • Winter: wintam
    • Derived from "wintertime"[10]
  • World: houd
  • Worthless/foolish: branwoda or branwada (has been spelled both ways)
    • from "brown-water"
    • In the years after the nuclear apocalypse, the basic needs of finding drinking water clean enough for human consumption werre often hard to meet. "Brown water" was a generic term for water which was not suitable for drinking. Over time, the meaning was extended to include anything worthless. It is now used as an insult as well, and can be used as a noun to mean "fool".

AdjectivesEdit

  • Safe: klir
    • from English "clear"
    • Gadagapa ste klir.[8]
  • Lying: spichen
    • Ai don fis disha spichen gona op = "I cured this lying warrior."
    • The etymology of spichen is unknown. It may be derived from "spitting", vile creation of the mouth. To spich "spit" + en "that person"
  • Hidden: stelt
    • from English "stealth"
  • Black: Nat
    • from English "night"

ConjunctionsEdit

  • And: en
  • But: ba
  • Before: fou
  • Because, for: kos
  • But, except: sef
  • Or: ou
  • After: pas
  • If...then: taim...taimm

VerbsEdit

Note that verbs in Trigedasleng make use of satellites – see the linguistics section for a detailed explanation.

  • Be: laik or ste
    • laik is from "like" and is used with nouns and prepositional phrases.
      • ai laik Okteivia = "I am Octavia"
      • yu laik kom Trigeda = "You are from the Woods Clan"
    • ste is from "stay" and is used with adjectives (as a stative copula) and verb phrases (as a progressive marker).[11]
      • yu ste kwelen = "you are weak"
      • emo ste hon em op = "they are finding him"
  • "Be" (figuratively or metaphorically): bilaik
    • bilaik is from "be like" and has many, many different uses
    • as a copula, it is used to mean "to be in a figurative way" or "to be, for all intents and purposes"
    • ai bilaik ticha "I am a teacher, for all intents and purposes", versus ai laik ticha "I am a teacher"
  • Tell: tel...op
    • from "tell" + "up"
    • bilaik yu don tel ai op otaim = "like you have always told me"
  • Help: sis...au
    • from "assist" + "out"
    • sis em au = "help him"
  • Protect: shil...op
    • from "shield" + "up"
    • Den dula yu dula en shil ai op. = "Then do your duty/job and protect me."
    • This could also potentially have come from the popular sci-fi phrase: "shields up", which is forever quoted when under attack in a spaceship.
  • Want/need/seek: gaf...in
    • The etymology of this word is unknown. Probably from "got to", or perhaps "go for".
    • ai gaf sen em in = "I need to hear it"
    • The satellite is optional in most cases, particularly when followed by another verb.
  • Fall behind: drag...raun
    • from "drag" + "around"
  • Leave behind: ban...au
    • from "ban" + "out"
    • Taim yu drag raun, taim yu ge ban au. = "If you fall behind, then you get left behind"
  • Quiet/Be quiet: shof...op
    • from "shut up"
    • shof op has gone through "amelioration" and has lost the offensiveness of its Modern English ancestor
  • Love: hod...in
    • from "hold" + "in"
    • ai hod yu in = "I love you"
  • Wait/stop: hod...op
    • from "hold" + "up"
    • hod op! = "Wait!"
  • Attack: jomp...op
    • from "jump" + "up"
    • Jomp em op en yu jomp ai op. = "Attack her, and you attack me."
  • Strike/attack en masse: zog...raun
    • from the "Zerg rush", a maneuver which gets its name from the StarCraft enemy "Zerg swarm" that attacks in overwhelming numbers + "around"
    • den oso na zog raun kom trikova = "then, we strike from the shadows"
  • Find: hon...op
    • from "hunt" + "up"
    • ai don hon em op = "I found him"
  • Locate: lok...op
    • from "look" + "up"
  • Fall: slip...daun
    • from "slip" + "down"
    • em slip daun kom skai = "he fell from the sky" (note: the past tense auxiliary don has been left out, most likely by mistake)
  • Hear: sen...in
    • The etymology of this word is unknown. Perhaps from "sense".
    • ai don sen in chit bilaik ai gaf sen in = "I've heard what I needed to hear."
  • Take: jak...op
    • from "jack" + "up"
    • Skaikru don jak ething op kom ai = "Sky People took everything from me"
  • Go to/stay near/be near: kamp...raun
    • from "camp" + "around"
    • osir na kamp raun ona tri = "we will stay in the trees"
  • Pull away/draw away: pul...we
    • from "pull" + "away"
    • pul em we gon emo honon = "draw them away from their prisoners"
  • Free: breik...au
    • from "break" + "out"
    • breik em au = "free him"
  • Die: wan...op
    • from "wind" + "up"
    • nau yu na wan op = "now you will die"
  • Kill : frag...op
    • From FPS videogames slang "to frag" where "frag" number is the number of kills in a deathmatch game. So "fragged" means almost literally "killed". Originally from millitary slang for intentionally killing a fellow soldier, often done with a fragmentation grenade.
    • teik ai frag em op = "let me kill her"
  • Cut: kot...op
    • from "cut" + "up"
    • kot em op = "cut him"
  • Speak (for): shish...op
    • The etymology of this word is unknown.
    • Beja. Hod op. Teik ai chich op gon emo = "Please. Wait. Let me speak for them"
  • Leave: gon...we or bants
    • gon...we is from "gone" + "away"
    • The etymology of bants is unknown. It may be descended from "bounce" or "banish".
    • osir na gon we or osir na bants = "we will leave"
  • Eat: choj...op
    • from "charge" + "up"
    • ai don choj ai sanch op = "I ate my lunch"
  • Watch: ai...op
    • from "eye" + "up"
  • Go back: bak...op
    • from "back" + "up"
  • Accuse: finga...au
    • from "finger" + "out"
  • Burn: fleim...au
    • from "flame" + "out"
  • Look for: lufa...au
    • from "look for" + "out"
  • Enter: min...op
    • from "come in" + "up"
  • Owe: ouyon...klin
    • from "owe one" + "clean"
  • Execute: put...daun
    • from "put" + "down"
  • Retreat: rowe...op
    • from "run away" + "up"
  • Decide: sad...in
    • from "said" + "in"
  • Send: sen...op
    • from "send" + "up"
  • Begin: stot...au
    • from "start" + "out"
  • Bind: tai...op
    • from "tie" + "up"
  • Think: vout...in
    • from "vote" + "in"
  • Forgive: wigod...op
    • The etymology of this word is not certain, however it could come from "with god", so someone is placed up with god when they are forgiven as they have been purified of their sins.
  • Trick: ponk...klin
    • from "punk" + "clean"
  • Follow: mafta...op
    • from "come after" + "up"
  • Happen/Become: kom...au
    • from "come" + "out"
  • Save: kep...klin
    • from "keep" + "clean"
  • Aquire: hon...in
    • from "hunt" + "in"
  • Pass on: gyon...klin
    • from "get on" + "clean"

AdverbsEdit

  • Enough: pleni
    • from "plenty"
    • daun ste pleni = "that is enough"
    • em pleni! = "enough!" (as a command)
  • Then: den
    • from "then"
    • den, oso na zog raun kom trikova = "then, we will strike from the shadows"

Notes and Trivia Edit

  • Peterson originally transcribed Clarke's name as Klok, but later corrected the spelling to Klark.[12]

See Also Edit

References Edit